Laws in California
California Vehicle Codes (CVC)
Relating to Pedestrian Jaywalking
is any highway having a roadway not exceeding 25 feet in width which is
primarily used for access to the rear or side entrances of abutting
provided, that the City and County of San Francisco may designate by
or resolution as an "alley" any highway having a roadway not exceeding
25 feet in width.
is either: (a) That portion of a roadway included within the
connection of the boundary lines of sidewalks at intersections where
intersecting roadways meet at approximately right angles, except the
of such lines from an alley across a street. (b) Any portion of a
distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings
surface. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this section,
not be a crosswalk where local authorities have placed signs indicating
365. An "intersection"
is the area embraced
within the prolongation of the lateral curb lines, or, if
none, then the lateral
boundary lines of the roadways, of two highways which join
another at approximately right angles or the area within
which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at
any other angle
may come in conflict.
467. (a) A "pedestrian"
is a person who is
afoot or who is using any of the following: (1) A means of
conveyance propelled by
human power other than a bicycle. (2) An electric personal assistive
"Pedestrian" includes a person who is operating a self-propelled
wheelchair, motorized tricycle, or motorized quadricycle and,
by reason of physical disability, is
otherwise unable to move about as a pedestrian, as specified
530. A "roadway"
is that portion of a
highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
Local authorities, by ordinance or resolution,
may establish crosswalks between intersections. (b) Local authorities
install signs at or adjacent to an intersection directing that
shall not cross in a crosswalk indicated at the intersection. It is
for any pedestrian to cross at the crosswalk prohibited by a sign.
Turn on Red Light –
[Summary, not verbatim] A driver, after stopping for a steady circular
signal, may turn right. However, the driver shall yield the
pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to traffic using
21456 CVC – Walk, Wait,
or Don’t Walk - Whenever a
pedestrian control signal showing the words "WALK" or
"WAIT" or "DONT WALK" or other approved symbol is in place,
the signal shall indicate as follows:
(a) "WALK" or
approved "Walking Person"
symbol. A pedestrian facing the signal may proceed across the roadway
direction of the signal, but shall yield the right-of-way to vehicles
within the intersection at the time that signal is first shown.
(b) Flashing or
steady "DONT WALK" or
"WAIT" or approved "Upraised Hand" symbol. No pedestrian
shall start to cross the roadway in the direction of the signal, but
pedestrian who has partially completed crossing shall proceed to a
safety zone or otherwise leave the roadway while the "WAIT" or
"DONT WALK" or approved "Upraised Hand" symbol is showing.
Right-of-Way at Crosswalks - The driver of a
vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian crossing the
within any marked crosswalk or within any unmarked crosswalk at an
intersection, except as otherwise provided in this chapter. (b) The
of this section shall not relieve a pedestrian from the duty of using
for his or her safety. No pedestrian shall suddenly leave a curb or
of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle which is so close
constitute an immediate hazard. No pedestrian shall unnecessarily stop
traffic while in a marked or unmarked crosswalk. (c) The provisions of
subdivision (b) shall not relieve a driver of a vehicle from the duty
exercising due care for the safety of any pedestrian within any marked
or within any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection.
Stopped for Pedestrians - Whenever any
vehicle has stopped at a marked crosswalk or at any
unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross
roadway the driver of any other vehicle approaching from the rear shall
overtake and pass the stopped vehicle.
The driver of any motor vehicle, prior to driving
over or upon any sidewalk, shall yield the right-of-way to any
Whenever any pedestrian crosses a roadway other than
by means of a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing, if a
pedestrian tunnel or overhead crossing serves the place where the
crossing the roadway, such pedestrian shall yield the right-of-way to
vehicles on the highway so near as to constitute an immediate hazard.
section shall not be construed to mean that a marked crosswalk, with or
a signal device, cannot be installed where a pedestrian tunnel or
Pedestrians Outside Crosswalk - Every
pedestrian upon a roadway at any point other than
within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an
shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway so near
constitute an immediate hazard. (b) The provisions of this section
relieve the driver of a vehicle from the duty to exercise due care for
safety of any pedestrian upon a roadway.
Between Controlled Intersections - Between
adjacent intersections controlled by traffic
control signal devices or by police officers, pedestrians shall not
roadway at any place except in a crosswalk.
No pedestrian shall walk upon any roadway outside of
a business or residence district otherwise than close to his left-hand
Authorities may establish more restrictive pedestrian laws - This chapter
does not prevent local
authorities from adopting ordinances prohibiting pedestrians from
roadways at other than crosswalks.
A totally or partially blind pedestrian who is
carrying a predominantly white cane (with or without a red tip), or
guide dog, shall have the right-of-way, and the driver of any vehicle
approaching this pedestrian, who fails to yield the right-of-way, or to
all reasonably necessary precautions to avoid injury to this blind
is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in the county
exceeding six months, or by a fine of not less than five hundred
nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or both. This section
preclude prosecution under any other applicable provision of law.
No person, other than those totally or partially
blind, shall carry or use on any highway or in any public building,
facility, or other public place, a predominantly white cane (with or